Onshore wind farms are the most established large-scale source of renewable energy in the UK. Wind turbine noise is of two sorts, mechanical (deriving from gearboxes, generators, auxiliary equipment etc) and aerodynamic (in flow turbulence at the front of the blade, airfoil turbulence at the trailing edge and tip of the blade). The latter is dominant. Noise can have health effects including sleep disturbance and performance reduction, annoyance responses, and effects on social behaviour.
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